Today we celebrate the 105th anniversary of the founding of the Comintern

Published on March 4, 2024 by IL Grido del Popolo©️

As a response to the growing reformist approach within the Second International (dissolved in 1916), which was confirmed during the Spartacist Uprising at the beginning of January 1919 in Germany, a meeting was held in Moscow from the second to the sixth of March in the presence of 52 delegates from 35 communist, socialist and of labor parties, and labor and trade union organizations from all over the world, at which the formation of the Communist International or Comintern, officially called the Third International, was established. One of the leaders of the world revolutionary movement, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, stated in his works that the great ideological divisions within the revolutionary international movement require a new approach, bearing in mind that the left current has become dominantly revolutionary, the middle pacifist and opportunist, while the right is reformist. The majority of world socialists supported the First World War and the militaristic attitude of the world bourgeoisie at the expense of disenfranchised and oppressed workers and peasants, who saw their interests only in the realization of the dictatorship of the proletariat, which cannot be carried out under capitalism, but in some transitional form of the system that will later lead into communism and the abolition of the state.

Members of the Communist International’s Second Congress

In the period from its foundation to the official dissolution of the Comintern by Joseph Stalin on May 15, 1943, a total of 13 extended plenums of the executive committee and 7 world congresses (the last of which was in 1935) were held, which traced the path of the Comintern towards the realization of its goals through three periods. The first was from the very foundation until Lenin’s death (1919-1924). The second period lasted from 1924 to 1928, which characterized the transformation of ideas in the Soviet Union from world revolutionary communism to the New Economic Policy within the country. And the third period from 1928 until its dissolution in the midst of World War II in 1943, when Stalin decided to reduce the tension within the Allied ranks. It marked a period that will characterize the construction of socialism in one country and the definitive abandonment of the idea of a general world revolution, which was abandoned after the failure of the Spartacist uprising in Germany and the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919, and the failure of all revolutionary movements in Europe in the 1920s, such as Italy, where the fascist Skadarists broke up strikes during the Biennio Rosso and quickly took power after the March on Rome in 1922. The Comintern was succeeded in 1947 by the Cominform Bureau which was eventually dissolved in 1956 after the historic 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.